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Inflammatory Bowel disease

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Inflammatory Bowel disease

 

What is Crohn’s disease?

 

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract and may occur anywhere from the mouth to the anus.
Crohn’s disease can appear at any age and once it appears, it stays for good.
The inflammation associated with this condition affects the internal lining of the intestinal tract and also the deeper layers. Ulceration is common and is accompanied with diarrhoea, often bloody due to internal bleeding.
Intestinal obstruction due to stricture formation may be present.
The condition is life-long and presents with flare ups that appear to be triggered by an immune reaction to bacteria present in the gastrointestinal tract.


Inflammation is usually seen in one or more segments of the gastrointestinal tract and is rarely continuous. The segments in between may appear normal.
 

Treatment usually involves control of the condition with anti-inflammatory medication and steroids. Immunosuppressant drugs are also often prescribed.

 

What is the cause of Crohn’s disease?

 

The actual cause of Crohn’s disease in not known. It is thought to be triggered by an over-reaction of the body’s immune system to substances present in the environment.
 

However, it is known that certain individuals are predisposed to developing the condition at some time in their life.


The condition appears to be triggered by exposure of the gastrointestinal tract to substances in the environment such as toxins produced by an unknown microbe and the resulting inflammation and ulceration is thought to be due to the body’s immune system over-reacting to the presence of the microbe and its products.
This may explain why certain antibiotics appear to be useful in the treatment of flare up’s.

Inflammation in these susceptible individuals may also be triggered by an immune reaction to certain substances present in the food we consume.
Chemicals such as preservatives, chemicals present in tobacco smoke, the milk sugar lactose and gluten may trigger Crohn’s disease. Avoiding the aggravating substances often helps to control the condition and prevent flare up’s.

 

When repeated flare up’s and inflammation occurs in the colon and rectum over years, there is a possibility of developing colorectal cancer.

 

How to heal and prevent Bowel disorders

Diet is not about what you should NOT eat, it’s about what you should include in the diet that matters.
As long as your diet includes the correct balance of plant foods containing soluble fibre, insoluble fibre and resistant starch your colon will produce the perfectly formed stool. The important next step is to evacuate this stool without straining so that the body does not suffer from the pressures created each time the bowel is emptied.

In order to heal and prevent bowel disorders you need to make lifestyle changes that last the rest of your life time.

1. Include more fluids and plant food containing soluble fibre, insoluble fibre and resistant starch in the diet so that the perfectly formed stool will be made in the colon and beneficial bacteria will flourish and eliminate disease causing bacteria and fungi.

2. Evacuate the perfectly formed stool by adopting the squat posture to eliminate the need to strain during bowel movements.

It is not possible or safe to squat on the modern raised toilet seat installed in all western homes and it is impossible to squat for any length of time if you have not done this from childhood onwards. This makes the use of any raised platforms impossible to adapt to.

The SquattLooStool is designed to allow you to adopt the squat posture while seated comfortably on your raised toilet seat. The single best and easiest lifestyle change you will ever make, leading to a healthier body.

 

Connection between Crohn’s disease and the posture adopted for evacuation

 

 

Ulcerative colitis

 

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the intestines.
Unlike Crohn’s disease which can occur anywhere from the mouth to the anus, ulcerative colitis only affects the large intestine (the colon and rectum).


The inflammation in this condition only affects the top inner lining of the large intestine, whereas in Crohn’s the deeper layers of the wall of the alimentary canal are affected.

 

The inflammation in ulcerative colitis starts in the rectum and progresses upwards into the sigmoid colon, descending colon and may progress further.
Rectal bleeding and diarrhoea with mucus are the main symptoms presented.


When ulcerative colitis fails to respond to medical treatment, surgical removal of the large intestine cures the problem for ever.
This is not an option for Crohn’s disease where surgery is not very successful as inflammation often returns to tissue adjacent to that which was surgically removed.

 

Treatment of ulcerative colitis is very similar to that of Crohn’s disease as it is targeted at keeping the inflammation under control.
Similar anti-inflammatory medication, steroids and immunosuppressant medication may be used.
Enemas and suppositories containing steroids are often used only in ulcerative colitis.

 

Chronic ulcerative colitis and repeated inflammatory flare up’s can predispose sufferers to the possibility of developing cancer of the colon and rectum and complete removal of the large intestine may be necessary.


Connection between colitis and the posture adopted for evacuation