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Probiotics and Prebiotics
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Probiotics and Prebiotics

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Probiotics and Prebiotics
Bugs in the Colon
Food or fertiliser for the bugs

There is a constant battle going on in the colon between the good bacteria and bad bacteria and sometimes undesirable yeasts and parasites such as threadworms, roundworms, tapeworms and hookworms.
The species of Bacteria you encourage to flourish in your intestines and the type of food you feed these microbes will determine your overall health status.
All these parasites excrete substances into the colon and these substances may have a local beneficial or harmful effect.
Some of these substances may be absorbed into the bloodstream and may cause harm if not de-toxified by the liver.
It is important to maintain a balance and try to achieve a higher population of the good bacteria against the disease causing bacteria so that these pathogenic and undesirable germs can be displaced and overwhelmed by the good “friendly” and non disease causing bacteria.

The gastrointestinal tract contains a complex ecology of microorganisms. More than a thousand different species of Bacteria are known to inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract and the typical person may harbour from 200 to 500 different species of bacteria in the stomach, intestines and colon.
Humans carry 10 times more Bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract than the total number of Human cells that make up the body.

The composition, distribution, numbers and the particular type depends on
1. Age
2. State of Health
3. Diet

The numbers of microorganisms appear to increase as we progress down from the mouth towards the colon.
The stomach and intestines have fewer numbers in contrast to the colon, which is teeming with bacteria.
These microorganisms play an important role in health and disease through their effects on nutrient metabolism and absorption, inflammation and modulation of the immune system.

Probiotics Bacteria are live microorganisms which confer health benefits. They help maintain the integrity of the intestinal barrier function by modulating the mucosal and systemic immune system. When consumed as a food supplement, Probiotics improve the intestinal microbial balance.
1.Bacteria contribute towards the formation of normal, well formed stools.
Bacteria are single celled organisms and consist mostly of water surrounded by a membrane. When Bacteria are present in large quantities, they contribute towards the formation of moist, well bound and bulky stools.
An imbalance or
dysbiosis can cause formation of dry stools and constipation.
2.Commensal Bacteria, through their metabolic activities, manufacture or synthesize vitamin B12 and Vitamin K. Vitamin K can be absorbed into the blood stream through the colon wall.
3.Protection from pathogenic microorganisms and maintenance of intestinal barrier function.
Normal intestinal Bacteria help to control the population of undesirable Bacteria and yeasts such as Candida Albicans that may otherwise cause disease. The normal or “friendly” desirable bacteria appear to compete favourably for food supply, occupy sites on the intestinal epithelium that may otherwise be occupied by disease causing “unfriendly” bacteria; they produce lactic acid and other short chain fatty acids that reduce ph of the colon contents to discourage growth of disease causing bacteria.

The short chain fatty acids are also utilized as fuel by the body and Butyric acid in particular appears to act as a signalling molecule that modulates immunity and gut motility in addition to controlling cell and tissue development and regeneration of the mucosa.

Some bacteria are also capable of producing substances (e.g. Bacteriocins) that may destroy undesirable bacteria.
4.One of the main functions of the body’s immune system is to recognise foreign cells from self cells.
The presence of huge numbers of bacteria residing in the gastrointestinal tract indicates tolerance by the body’s immune system towards these microorganisms.
The microorganisms present appear to be involved in the maturation and training of cells of the immune system such that they are recognised as friend rather than foe and not destroyed by the host immune system.


Prebiotics are substances that Probiotics and those resident microflora already present in the colon feed upon or ferment to increase in numbers and produce the beneficial short chain fatty acids. Prebiotics are found in foods of plant origin and includes compounds such as Inulin, Fructooligosaccharide, and Gums such as Acacia .

How to heal and prevent Bowel disorders

Diet is not about what you should NOT eat, it’s about what you should include in the diet that matters.
As long as your diet includes the correct balance of plant foods containing soluble fibre, insoluble fibre and resistant starch your colon will produce the perfectly formed stool. The important next step is to evacuate this stool without straining so that the body does not suffer from the pressures created each time the bowel is emptied.

In order to heal and prevent bowel disorders you need to make lifestyle changes that last the rest of your life time.

1. Include more fluids and plant food containing soluble fibre, insoluble fibre and resistant starch in the diet so that the perfectly formed stool will be made in the colon and beneficial bacteria will flourish and eliminate disease causing bacteria and fungi.

2. Evacuate the perfectly formed stool by adopting the squat posture to eliminate the need to strain during bowel movements.

It is not possible or safe to squat on the modern raised toilet seat installed in all western homes and it is impossible to squat for any length of time if you have not done this from childhood onwards. This makes the use of any raised platforms impossible to adapt to.

The SquattLooStool is designed to allow you to adopt the squat posture while seated comfortably on your raised toilet seat.
The single best and easiest lifestyle change you will ever make, leading to a healthier body.